Columnas23 de noviembre de 2020
Chile Prepares to Write a New Constitution—and a New Social ContractPor Cristóbal Rovira
It is no exaggeration to suggest that Chile’s constitutional referendum last month was its most important vote since the country transitioned to democracy in 1989. Voters faced two decisions: first, whether a new constitution should be written, and second, if the answer on the first question is affirmative, who should write it. An entirely new body could be elected for that purpose, or a mixed convention could be held, in which half the delegates would be current members of parliament.
Ahead of the Oct. 25 referendum, polls showed that a majority of Chileans wanted a new constitution, but nobody expected such a landslide: 78 percent voted in favor of changing the constitution through a specially elected constitutional convention.